what is binge eating disorder?
Binge eating disorder (BED) is a type of eating disorder characterized by recurrent bingeing without the regular use of compensatory measures to counter the binge eating.
symptoms of binge eating disorder
- Recurrent episodes of binge eating. An episode of binge eating is characterized by both of the following:
- Eating, in a discrete period of time (e.g., within any 2-hour period), an amount of food that is definitely larger than what most people would eat in a similar period of time under similar circumstances.
- A sense of lack of control over eating during the episode (e.g., a feeling that one cannot stop eating or control what or how much one is eating).
- Binge eating episodes are associated with three (or more) of the following:
- Eating much more rapidly than normal.
- Eating until feeling uncomfortably full.
- Eating large amounts of food when not feeling physically hungry.
- Eating alone because of feeling embarrassed by how much one is eating.
- Feeling disgusted with oneself, depressed, or very guilty afterward.
- Marked distress regarding binge eating is present.
- Not regularly using compensatory behaviors (such as purging) to prevent weight gain.
- The binge eating occurs, on average, at least once a week for 3 months.
signs of binge eating disorder can include:
- Evidence of binge eating, including disappearance of large amounts of food in short periods of time or lots of empty wrappers and containers indicating consumption of large amounts of food.
- Uncomfortable eating around others
- Restricting eating between bingeing episodes
- Frquent dieting, including cutting out entire food groups (no sugar, no carbs, no dairy, vegetarianism/veganism)
- Fear of eating in public or with others
- Steals or hoards food in strange places
- Creates lifestyle schedules or rituals to make time for binge sessions
- Shows extreme concern with body weight and shape
- Frequent checking in the mirror for perceived flaws in appearance
- Disruption in normal eating behaviors, including eating throughout the day with no planned mealtimes; skipping meals or taking small portions of food at regular meals; engaging in sporadic fasting or repetitive dieting
- Eating alone out of embarrassment at the quantity of food being eaten
- Feelings of disgust, depression, or guilt after bingeing
- Fluctuations in weight due to yo-yo dieting
- Feelings of low self-esteem
health consequences of binge eating disorder
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol levels
- Heart disease
- Insulin resistance and diabetes complications
facts about binge eating disorder
- Binge eating disorder is the most common type of eating disorder in the U.S. The prevalence of binge eating is estimated to be approximately 1-5% of the general population.
- Binge eating affects women slightly more often than men–estimates indicate that about 60% of people struggling with binge eating disorder are female.
- People who struggle with binge eating are stereotyped as being larger, but can actually be any weight.