binge eating disorder

what is binge eating disorder?

Binge eating disorder (BED) is a type of eating disorder characterized by recurrent bingeing without the regular use of compensatory measures to counter the binge eating.

symptoms of binge eating disorder

  • Recurrent episodes of binge eating. An episode of binge eating is characterized by both of the following:
    • Eating, in a discrete period of time (e.g., within any 2-hour period), an amount of food that is definitely larger than what most people would eat in a similar period of time under similar circumstances.
    • A sense of lack of control over eating during the episode (e.g., a feeling that one cannot stop eating or control what or how much one is eating).
  • Binge eating episodes are associated with three (or more) of the following:
    • Eating much more rapidly than normal.
    • Eating until feeling uncomfortably full.
    • Eating large amounts of food when not feeling physically hungry.
    • Eating alone because of feeling embarrassed by how much one is eating.
    • Feeling disgusted with oneself, depressed, or very guilty afterward.
  • Marked distress regarding binge eating is present.
  • Not regularly using compensatory behaviors (such as purging) to prevent weight gain.
  • The binge eating occurs, on average, at least once a week for 3 months.

signs of binge eating disorder can include:

  • Evidence of binge eating, including disappearance of large amounts of food in short periods of time or lots of empty wrappers and containers indicating consumption of large amounts of food.
  • Uncomfortable eating around others 
  • Restricting eating between bingeing episodes
  • Frquent dieting, including cutting out entire food groups (no sugar, no carbs, no dairy, vegetarianism/veganism)
  • Fear of eating in public or with others
  • Steals or hoards food in strange places  
  • Creates lifestyle schedules or rituals to make time for binge sessions  
  • Shows extreme concern with body weight and shape  
  • Frequent checking in the mirror for perceived flaws in appearance
  • Disruption in normal eating behaviors, including eating throughout the day with no planned mealtimes; skipping meals or taking small portions of food at regular meals; engaging in sporadic fasting or repetitive dieting
  • Eating alone out of embarrassment at the quantity of food being eaten
  • Feelings of disgust, depression, or guilt after bingeing
  • Fluctuations in weight due to yo-yo dieting
  • Feelings of low self-esteem

health consequences of binge eating disorder

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Heart disease
  • Insulin resistance and diabetes complications

facts about binge eating disorder

  • Binge eating disorder is the most common type of eating disorder in the U.S. The prevalence of binge eating is estimated to be approximately 1-5% of the general population.
  • Binge eating affects women slightly more often than men–estimates indicate that about 60% of people struggling with binge eating disorder are female.
  • People who struggle with binge eating are stereotyped as being larger, but can actually be any weight.

Reach out for help and support

If you think you are struggling with binge eating or care about someone who is, contact me here or go ahead and schedule a binge eating therapy appointment right away using my online client portal.

Sources:
https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/learn/by-eating-disorder/bed